|2019-06-10 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
IEA表示，LNG在海上运输中的使用仍然是一个小众市场，主要集中在欧洲，截至2019年初，约有155艘LNG 燃料船只在运营, 但是LNG动力船的数量增长很快，到2024年将翻一番。
Global gas demand to grow at 1.6% per year until 2024: IEA
Global gas demand is expected to grow at a rate of 1.6% a year until 2024, fueled by Chinese consumption which will account for over a third of the demand growth during the period, the International Energy Agency said on Friday.
The Asia-Pacific region will remain the largest source of gas consumption growth in the medium term with an average rate of 4% per year, and will account for around 60% of the total consumption increase until 2024.
Domestic demand in the United States, the Middle East and North Africa, would contribute to the growth in demand, the IEA said in its annual gas market report.
Gas demand in Europe will benefit from the shutdown of coal and nuclear power plants, but gains would be limited by the expansion of renewables and lower demand for heating, it said.
The industrial sector is expected to be a strong source of growth, accounting for almost half of the global increase, replacing power generation as the main growth driver.
In 2018, global gas demand saw its strongest growth since 2010 at an estimated rate of 4.6 percent.
“Demand growth in the U.S. was the largest, increasing by 80 billion cubic meters (bcm) or over 10%. The switch from coal to gas mainly in power generation for the U.S.was responsible for nearly half of the increase,” Sadamori said.
The weather also had a major impact on U.S. gas demand in 2018 with a colder-than-average winter and hotter-than-average summer driving demand in building and power generation, he said.
The United States is expected to continue its lead in supply growth with annual output seen exceeding 1 trillion cubic meters (tcm) by 2024.
In the liquefied natural gas market (LNG), trade is expected to reach 546 bcm by 2024 from 432 bcm in 2018.
The IEA report said the United States was expected to surpass Qatar and Australia to become the world’s largest LNG exporter by the end of the forecast period, at 113 bcm in 2024, and the United States, Australia and Russia would account for around 90% of the increase in LNG exports during the period.
In Europe, the supply gap will widen to reach 336 bcm by 2024, increasing by almost 50 bcm per year as domestic production continues its slide with the phasing out of the Groningen field in the Netherlands, and North Sea depletion.
IEA said the use of LNG for maritime transport was still a niche market concentrated in Europe with around 155 LNG-fuelled vessels in operation as of early 2019, but the fleet of LNG-powered vessels was growing fast, and would double by 2024.