|2019-08-01 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
Rystad Energy油田服务团队副总裁Matthew Fitzsimmons表示：“这是近海批准增加的明显影响。我们预计，从2018年到2020年，近海投资将增长近一倍，并在未来5年维持高水平的支出。”
裘寅 编译自 近海工程
Oil, Gas Jobs Moves from Shale to Offshore
With offshore market gaining momentum the main driver of employment is shifting from shale to offshore.
According to new analysis by energy research firm Rystad Energy, increased activity in onshore shale basins such as the Permian in the US held employment in the oilfield service industry steady from 2016 to 2017.
However, the offshore industry has now taken the lead, gradually increasing the overall headcount of the top 50 oilfield service companies from 2017 to 2018, the report said.
“This is a clear effect of the increase in offshore sanctioning. We expect offshore commitments to nearly double from 2018 to 2020, and sustain high levels of spending over the next five years,” says Matthew Fitzsimmons, vice president on Rystad Energy’s oilfield services team.
Rystad Energy forecasts that the demand for offshore services will reach $442 billion in 2025, a 45% increase from 2018.
Companies greatly exposed to the offshore industry struggled with the financial realities of reduced activity in 2015-2017, resulting in a cumulative workforce decrease of 31%.
The tides are now turning as the offshore market gains momentum. Four out of the top five oilfield service companies with the largest workforce change from 2017 to 2018 were primarily exposed to the offshore industry.
Among the smaller players with a strong focus on offshore segments, the Norwegian shipping company Solstad has nearly doubled its workforce from 2017 to 2018 – a significant staff ramp-up which bet on the long-term improvement of market conditions.
Similarly, the drilling contractor Seadrill saw employment grow by 15%. The company has seen some recent contract award success with Saudi Aramco and Equinor. However, their 2018 year-end headcount is only 100 people more than after massive layoffs in 2016, and remains just over half of what is was as in 2014.
“We expect Seadrill’s hiring need to continue through 2022, as the markets the company is exposed to will continue to grow, offering contracting opportunities”, Fitzsimmons added.
When Seadrill continue to hire again, they will be faced with the same hiring challenges many offshore companies deal with today.