|2020-04-14 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
中国石化新闻网讯 据油气新闻网站4月12日消息 ICIS最新分析显示，欧洲至少有660万吨/年的乙烯产能受到炼油厂减产或停产的影响，占欧洲乙烯产能的26%。
王磊 摘译自 油气新闻
European ethylene capacity hit by refinery cuts
At least 6.6 million tonnes per year (mtpy), or 26 per cent, of Europe’s ethylene production capacity is threatened by oil refineries running at reduced rates or ceasing production, according to new analysis by ICIS.
The ethylene is produced by crackers attached to refineries hit by collapsing demand for petroleum products including jet fuel as coronavirus-linked restrictions cut road and air transport; aviation has come to a standstill across the region.
These ethylene crackers may be forced to reduce operating rates or close because they rely mainly on naphtha or liquified petroleum gas (LPG) feedstocks sourced from the refineries to which they are linked.
ICIS analysis suggests the 6.6 mtpy represent about 50 per cent the refinery-linked steam cracking capacity in Europe, and 26 per cent of the region's steam cracking capacity.
For propylene, 5.9 mtpy of capacity is linked, while for benzene the figure is 4.0 mtpy.
The analysts are aware of around 6.5 mbpd of oil refining capacity that is not operating at typical capacity.
There are some planned stoppages, but most are due to reduced fuels demand from coronavirus and associated lockdowns. The experts believe that at least 2.2 mbpd of reductions are in place, versus the expected forecast throughput of 12.2 mbpd for Europe.
“The reduction is almost certainly even higher in reality and could be as high as 5 mbpd when considering those sites which do not share such information,” according to Michael Connolly, Senior Consultant at ICIS global refining team.
The refineries are operating in the range of 50-60 per cent utilisation, which reflects the typical minimum turndown for most distillation units.
However, the crackers that are directly linked are probably able to run at higher utilisation rates than this.