|2020-04-17 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
中国石化新闻网讯 据世界石油4月15日伦敦彭博社报道，国际能源署(International EnergyAgency)表示，大型石油公司(BigOil)因疫情引发的需求骤降而面临的困境可能会让全球减少污染的努力偏离轨道。
迄今为止，与大型石油公司相比，Iberdrola SA、Enel SpA和杜克能源公司(Duke Energy Corp.)等公用事业公司在可再生能源和摆脱化石燃料转型方面的投资更多。在石油行业，荷兰皇家壳牌公司(Royal Dutch Shell Plc)、英国石油公司(BP Plc)和道达尔公司(Total SA)等欧洲石油巨头对设定绿色目标和投资清洁能源技术的呼声最高。
郝芬 译自 世界石油
Clean energy transition plans imperiled by oil’s crash
The pain felt by Big Oil from the coronavirus-led plunge in demand may derail global efforts to cut pollution, the International Energy Agency said.
The slowdown and falling prices “undermines the ability of the oil industry to develop some of the technologies needed for clean energy transitions around the world,” said the Paris-based agency that advises nations on energy policy.
The industry has repeatedly called for government support for key technologies, such as hydrogen and carbon capture and storage which sucks pollution out of the air. All major European oil and gas companies now have ambitions in place to reduce their emissions in the long-term and some have dabbled in the power business, buying up utilities or invested in biofuels.
Global emissions from energy held steady in 2019 for the first time in three years. Burning coal, oil and natural gas still accounts for the bulk of the greenhouse-gas pollution.
A decade of oil demand growth will be wiped out in 2020 because of lockdowns associated with the coronavirus crisis. Fuel use this month will contract by almost a third to the lowest level since 1995, delivering a blow to the revenue of major oil companies, the IEA said in its monthly oil report.
Environmental campaigners are working to keep green issues at the top of the political agenda, reflecting concerns that policy makers will turn their attention toward helping those hurt economically by the lockdowns.
So far, it’s utilities such as Iberdrola SA, Enel SpA and Duke Energy Corp. that have invested more in renewables and transition away from fossil fuels than Big Oil companies. Within the oil industry, European majors such as Royal Dutch Shell Plc, BP Plc and Total SA have been the most vocal about setting green targets and investing in cleaner energy technologies.