|2020-08-10 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
中国石化新闻网讯 埃克森美孚(Exxon Mobil Corp.)警告说，低能源价格可能会使其五分之一的石油和天然气储量从账面上消失。
该公司位于阿尔伯塔省的大型基尔（Kearl）油砂矿是唯一被列为可能在年终调整中受到影响的资产。帝国石油有限公司(Imperial Oil Ltd.)在另一份文件中说，基尔石油储量中尚未确定的部分可能面临危险。该公司由埃克森美孚持有约70%的股份，是一家子公司。
最近几周，由于疫情大流行破坏了石油需求和价格，导致一些油田无法盈利，荷兰皇家壳牌公司(Royal Dutch Shell Plc)、英国石油公司(BP Plc)和道达尔石油公司(Total SE)冲销了数十亿美元的石油储备。埃克森美孚是当前危机中唯一的坚守者，到目前为止还没有下调任何利率。
赵斌 编译自 钻井网
Exxon Says 20 Percent of Reserves Threatened
Exxon Mobil Corp. warned that low energy prices may wipe as much as one-fifth of its oil and natural gas reserves off the books.
If depressed prices persist for the rest of the year, “certain quantities of crude oil, bitumen and natural gas will not qualify as proved reserves at year-end 2020,” the company said in a regulatory filing on Wednesday. A 20% hit would impact the equivalent of almost 4.5 billion barrels of crude, or enough to supply every refinery on the U.S. Gulf Coast for 18 months.
The company’s massive Kearl oil-sands mine in Alberta was the only specific asset singled as a potential victim of any year-end revision. Imperial Oil Ltd., which is about 70% owned by Exxon and run as a subsidiary, said in a separate filing that an undetermined portion of Kearl’s reserves may be imperiled.
Exxon isn’t waiting until the traditional end-of-year period to reasses reserves. After slashing its drilling budget by $10 billion to cope with the virus-driven market collapse, the company on Wednesday said it removed about 1 billion barrels from its books. Most of that involved shale fields, according to the filing.
The supermajor also said it plans to increase a credit facility from $7.5 billion to $10 billion in the current quarter.
Exxon rose 0.9% to $43.85 on Wednesday at in New York. Imperial rose 1.6%. Kearl accounts for 60% of Imperial’s 3.5 billion barrels of proved reserves.
Separately, Chevron Corp. said in a filing Wednesday that it expects to revise its reserves downward by about 10%, mainly in the Permian Basin and Australia.
Royal Dutch Shell Plc, BP Plc and Total SE have written off billions of dollars in reserves in recent weeks as the pandemic destroyed oil demand and prices, making some fields unprofitable to drill. Exxon had been the sole holdout during the current crisis, having not revised anything lower until now.
Exxon’s last significant reserves revision was in 2016, when it removed some of its oil-sands assets in Canada from its books, though it later added some of these back.
Exxon is currently undergoing its annual “very rigorous” process of reviewing the value of assets and should present the results to the board by November, Senior Vice President Neil Chapman said during a call with analysts July 31. While Exxon doesn’t publish commodity price forecasts, unlike European peers, Chapman said they’re “consistent with the range of third-party estimates.”