|2020-08-11 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
中国石化新闻网讯 据烃加工网站8月7日消息 美国能源信息署（EIA）最近开始采用航空公司Cirium提供的数据，这些数据详细说明了2019年1月以来每一次定期商业客运航班，包括飞行的飞机类型及其航线。EIA利用每一次飞行的始发地和目的地的数据，估算了每一次飞行所消耗的喷气燃料量，并对这些飞行进行了汇总，以估计全球商业客运航班消耗的喷气燃料总量。
吴恒磊 编译自 烃加工
COVID-19’s impact on commercial jet fuel demand has been significant
Efforts to contain the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have dramatically changed global commercial passenger flight volumes. These flights averaged a little more than 70,000 flights per day in January and February, fell to an average of less than 25,000 flights per day in April, and then started to increase again in May. Commercial jet fuel consumption showed a similar pattern, falling from an average of 4.3 million barrels per day (b/d) in January and February to 1.0 million b/d in April.
To estimate global changes in jet fuel consumption, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently began using data from aviation company Cirium that detail each scheduled commercial passenger flight, including the type of aircraft flown and its route, since January 2019. Using data on each flight’s origin and destination, EIA estimated the volume of jet fuel consumed by each flight and summed these flights to estimate the total volume of jet fuel consumed globally by commercial passenger flights.
EIA estimates that consumption of jet fuel by commercial passenger flights averaged 1.6 million b/d during the first two weeks of July, 69% less than the level one year ago. The largest decline in global demand for jet fuel occurred during March and April, coinciding with the initial, intensified efforts to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. Globally, consumption of jet fuel by commercial passenger flights declined by 0.7 million b/d between February and March and by 2.4 million b/d between March and April, although demand grew by only 0.1 million b/d in May and 0.3 million b/d in June. Similar trends are also occurring at the region and country levels.