|2021-01-12 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
中国石化新闻网讯 据烃加工网站1月6日消息 美国能源信息署（EIA）表示，上周美国原油库存大幅下降，而燃料库存上升。2020年因冠状病毒大流行而结束，总体需求大幅下降。
吴恒磊 编译自 烃加工
U.S. crude stockpiles tumble last week; 2020 fuel demand slumps
U.S. crude oil stockpiles fell sharply last week while fuel inventories rose, the Energy Information Administration said, and 2020 came to a close with a sharp decline in overall demand due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Crude inventories fell by 8 million barrels in the week to Jan. 1 to 485.5 million barrels, their biggest decline since August, exceeding analysts’ expectations in a Reuters poll for a 2.1 million-barrel drop. The drawdown in stocks is typical for the end of the year, when energy companies take barrels out of storage to avoid hefty tax bills.
Overall, in 2020 the United States experienced a heavy decline in crude production and demand due to the coronavirus pandemic. In the year, output fell to 11 million barrels per day from 12.9 million bpd, EIA said.
Fuel demand was impaired as well. Overall motor gasoline product supplied, a proxy for demand, dropped by 8.5% to 7.4 million bpd. Overall product supplied fell 12% on the year, and jet fuel consumption slumped by 43%.
“The story for the next several months will be how quickly demand will recover in light of the vaccine rollout,” said Andrew Lipow, president of Lipow Oil Associates in Houston.
U.S. gasoline stocks rose by 4.5 million barrels last week, the biggest increase since April, the EIA said, ahead of expectations for a 1.5 million-barrel rise.
Distillate stockpiles, which include diesel and heating oil, rose by 6.4 million barrels, versus expectations for a 2.3 million-barrel rise.
Refinery crude runs rose by 89,000 bpd in the week, with utilization rates up 1.3 percentage points to 80.7% of capacity, their highest since August.
“We’ve burned through a lot of crude oil to make a lot of product, and there’s no demand for the product,” said Bob Yawger, director of energy futures at Mizuho in New York.
Oil prices were largely steady after the data. U.S. crude was up 41 cents to $50.33 a barrel as of 10:38 a.m. EST (1538 GMT), while Brent rose 64 cents, or 1.2%, to $54.24 a barrel.